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Third International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding

18 June - 21 June 2024
Leiden University, The Hague, Netherlands

The Third International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding will convene leading practitioners, academics, and thought leaders in the field of environmental peacebuilding.

What is the Third International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding?

The Third International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding is organized by the Environmental Peacebuilding Association® (EnPAx®) and the Grotius Center for International Legal Studies at Leiden University.

Promotional Flyer for Third International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding

Tuesday, June 18 will feature training courses, business meetings, side events, and site visits.  In addition, we are planning to have one virtual day of the conference to enable people who cannot travel to The Hague to participate; this virtual day is tentatively scheduled for Wednesday, June 12. The Third Conference will feature 5 themes key to environmental peacebuilding as well as a 6th Open theme:

  • Climate Change: Climate change is a potential threat multiplier and conflict accelerant; it also presents opportunities for cooperation. Abstracts on this theme may address, for example, analysis of climate-conflict linkages; climate-induced migration and displacement, including the criminalization of climate migrants; climate change financing for fragile and conflict-affected situations; promoting just energy transitions and sustainable development goals; critical minerals and the “green resource curse”; extractives and conflict; climate-security nexus, including decarbonization of defense; Indigenous responses to climate change; the impact of climate change on women’s responsibilities and opportunities; and climate change, conflict, and food security.
  • Water: Water is a basic human need, and the provision of safe water is among the highest priorities during post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding. Notwithstanding predictions of “water wars,” shared waters have proved to be the natural resource with the greatest potential for interstate cooperation and local confidence building. This theme examines water challenges and opportunities at the center of the nexus of peace, development, and humanitarian aid. Abstracts for this theme may explore, for example, water cooperation and confidence building, including around water quality and pollution; water as a weapon of war; women in water diplomacy; Indigenous water rights and management approaches; water issues in arid and semi-arid geographies; peacebuilding approaches to watershed management; and water security. 
  • Peace, Justice, and Accountability: Peace, justice, and accountability are central to environmental peacebuilding. This theme focuses on the ways in which individuals, organizations, and states actors can be held accountable for environmental wartime harm; it also examines ways that marginalized populations have been disproportionately impacted by the environment-conflict nexus. Abstracts on this theme may, for example, examine the linkages of extractives, human rights, and conflict; accountability of non-state actors, such as armed groups and the private sector; legal protection of women’s rights to natural resources; Indigenous approaches to decision-making and accountability; critical analysis; the role of courts, tribunals and informal mechanisms, including transitional justice mechanisms, in promoting accountability; the role of fact-finding bodies in establishing evidence; and peaceful settlement of disputes over natural resources. 
  • Natural Resources and Conservation: Natural resources and conservation can be substantial drivers and accelerators of conflict; they also play a critical role in shaping environmental peacebuilding trajectories. Abstracts on this theme may, for example, address critical raw material partnerships; environmental and human rights defenders; park rangers; protected areas, including peace parks; Arctic resources as a new arena for resource extraction and trade; gendered roles in natural resource management and conflict resolution; critical analyses; the roles of Indigenous Peoples and practices; and “Harmony with Nature” approaches as tools for environmental peacebuilding. 
  • Data and Digital Technologies: Digital technologies—including big data—offer great potential for resilience planning, conflict and disaster early warning, conflict monitoring, negotiation and mediation, cooperative resource management, land use planning, and much more; at the same time, there are risks to privacy, accountability, accessibility, disinformation, data misuse, and other ethical dilemmas that must be managed. Under this theme, we encourage abstracts that explore issues and opportunities posed by big data and frontier technologies. These include, for example, accessibility of frontier technologies; community-based mapping; remote sensing; gendered participatory resource mapping; Indigenous Peoples and local spatial knowledge; water sensors; decision-making based on big data; and mapping of resources. 
  • Open: Abstracts on other topics at the intersection of environment, conflict, and peace are also encouraged. Abstracts on this theme may include, for example, topics related to poly-crises and cascading disasters; weapons (e.g., chemical weapons, land mines, etc.); youth; and conflict reduction and conflict prevention.


Read the conference's draft agenda


This description was excerpted from

adelphi @ the Third International Conference on Environmental Peacebuilding


19 June, 11:00 - 12:30
Trust and peace-building through climate and environmental considerations: Insights from the Weathering Risk Peace Pillar
This event will explore how mainstreaming climate and environmental considerations in peacebuilding activities can contribute to trust building and sustaining peace. Panellists will illustrate practical examples learned from the Weathering Risk Peace Pillar projects in Iraq, Yemen, Somalia, Nigeria, and the Bay of Bengal. The event will open space for dialogue, learning and interrogation by peers to support more effective peace programming at large. Panellists will consist of expert practitioners from the Peace Pillar project, engaged in a roundtable discussion.

• Peshtiwan AlDawoudi, Berghof Foundation
• Hisham Al-Omeisy, European Institute of Peace 
• Pascal Grimm, Berghof Foundation 
• Sreejith Sugunan, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue 
• Caroline Nyaga, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue 

Moderator: Alina Viehoff, adelphi



19 June, 11:00-12:30
Anticipating Complex Crises at the Intersection of Climate and Conflict: Learning from Forensic Investigations of Disasters


Juan Carlos Sanchez, Chair, IWMI, Costa Rica
Gabriel Pollen, Presenter, Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit, Zambia
Juan Carlos Sanchez, Presenter, IWMI, Costa Rica
Sinéad Barry, Presenter, adelphi, Germany
Sarah Gale, Discussant, Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre, Canada



20 June, 16:00 – 17:30
Peace and Parks: Conservation and Farmers’ Rights
In Colombia, about 21,000 peasants have settled inside protected areas (PAs) due to forced displacement and land tenure concentration. These families are unaware of the access and use restrictions in place within these areas to ensure the conservation of fragile ecosystems. This situation represents one of the significant socio-environmental conflicts in PAs, leading to violent clashes between the government and peasants. Despite the efforts of several stakeholders, this conflict remains without a solution. In this regard, this collaborative feedback session seeks innovative alternatives to face this situation from different perspectives, aiming to promote the conservation of those areas, ensure farmers´ rights, and strengthen peace-building. This session will be organized by WWF Germany and Colombia, and it will be facilitated by Dr. Julia Gorricho, project coordinator at Blue Fund Action and member of the Environmental Peacebuilding International platform. It will have a framing presentation by Beth Sua Carvajal, a Master´s student at the State University of New York and governance specialist at WWF Colombia. 

•  Hector Morales Munoz, adelphi
•  McKenzie F. Johnson, University of Illinois
•  Sandra Valenzuela, WWF Colombia


21 June, 09:00 - 10:30
Monitoring and Evaluating Environmental Peacebuilding and Resilience
Roundtable on Monitoring and Evaluation in Environmental Peacebuilding and Resilience, sharing lessons learned from using conflict-sensitivity analysis for M&E.

Emmanuel Davalillo Hidalgo, Chair, United States Institute of Peace, United States
Emily Sample, Speaker, Fund for Peace, United States
Hector Morales Muñoz, Speaker, adelphi, Colombia
Ousseyni Kalilou, Speaker, Gum Arabic Institute of Poverty Alleviation, Niger
Amanda Woomer, Speaker, United States


21 June, 11:00 - 12:00
Understanding and Addressing the Drivers of Climate-Related Conflict

Sinéad Barry, adelphi 
Jürgen Scheffran, University of Hamburg 
Audrey Legat, Deltares, Water, Peace and Security Partnership
Joris van Wijk, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam 
Jasper de Bie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Moderator: Celestine Procter, Alliance for Peacebuilding