- We identified hotspots of woody vegetation loss across Tigray. These declines are most likely linked to conflict-driven collapse in the availability of fuel for heating and cooking.
- The long-term recovery of vegetation across Tigray appears to have slowed down, although it has not yet reversed.
- The restoration success of the last three decades has likely provided a buffer against the impacts of woody vegetation loss. However, ongoing deforestation is potentially eroding the efficacy of nature-based solutions in supporting food security across Tigray.
- After the end of the conflict, long-term recovery of human well-being and livelihoods will require restoring and protecting the environment in Tigray.
- 1.1 The war between Tigray and Ethiopia: A complex conflict and humanitarian crisis
- 1.2 How the environment, conflict and food security are connected in Tigray
2. Measuring the loss of woody vegetation from space
- 3.1 Loss of woody vegetation in 2021
- 3.2 Significance of 2021’s woody vegetation decline
- 3.3 Drivers of loss of woody vegetation cover or productivity in 2021
- 3.4 Gains in woody vegetation cover or productivity
4. Implications of conflict-driven environmental degradation in Tigray for long-term recovery
Appendix: Detailed methodology
- A1. Mapping areas with trees and other woody vegetation before the war
- A2. Mapping areas where vegetation cover or condition has changed
This description was excerpted from ceobs.org.