The war in Tigray is undermining its environmental recovery

    Gondar, Ethiopia

    Key findings

    • We identified hotspots of woody vegetation loss across Tigray. These declines are most likely linked to conflict-driven collapse in the availability of fuel for heating and cooking.
    • The long-term recovery of vegetation across Tigray appears to have slowed down, although it has not yet reversed.
    • The restoration success of the last three decades has likely provided a buffer against the impacts of woody vegetation loss. However, ongoing deforestation is potentially eroding the efficacy of nature-based solutions in supporting food security across Tigray.
    • After the end of the conflict, long-term recovery of human well-being and livelihoods will require restoring and protecting the environment in Tigray.


    1. Introduction

    • 1.1 The war between Tigray and Ethiopia: A complex conflict and humanitarian crisis
    • 1.2 How the environment, conflict and food security are connected in Tigray

    2. Measuring the loss of woody vegetation from space

    3. Results

    • 3.1 Loss of woody vegetation in 2021
    • 3.2 Significance of 2021’s woody vegetation decline
    • 3.3 Drivers of loss of woody vegetation cover or productivity in 2021
    • 3.4 Gains in woody vegetation cover or productivity

    4. Implications of conflict-driven environmental degradation in Tigray for long-term recovery

    5. Outlook

    Appendix: Detailed methodology

    • A1. Mapping areas with trees and other woody vegetation before the war
    • A2. Mapping areas where vegetation cover or condition has changed

    Read the full report.


    This description was excerpted from