The imperative of climate change adaptation for a resilient food system requires institutional, technological and economic transformation not only in food exporting but also food importing countries. Furthermore, mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in the agriculture and food sectors require costs that can lead to higher food prices from exporting countries, which may affect food consumers in all countries. Inaction and delays in mitigating and adapting to climate change can be catastrophic for food and agriculture.
Most of the studies on food systems under climate change are producer-centric. Adaptation policy in food and agricultural sectors need to be developed beyond unilateral efforts where every producing country resolves its own food affairs through self-sufficiency and/or trade. This RSIS policy brief identifies possible implications of climate change disturbances on crops and livestock in world production centers by 2030, 2050 and 2080. Policy recommendations for importing countries are discussed.