Climate change is manifesting in the Arctic three times faster than the global rate of change. These changes present both risks and opportunities. Without proper risk mitigation and climate adaptation efforts, however, the opportunities will likely be undermined by the destabilizing, compounding effects of runaway climate change. Arctic risk mitigation can only be achieved through appropriate regional policy actions
combined with global efforts to reduce emissions. The premier intergovernmental forum for regional cooperation is the Arctic Council, which has been successful in promoting cooperation even during times of geopolitical tensions. However, as the Arctic experiences profound changes due to global warming, it is increasingly urgent to adapt governance and international legal mechanisms to reflect the new reality and prevent gaps from emerging.