In fragile states such as Mali, climate change and environmental factors may not always be direct causes of violent conflict. Yet, there is ample evidence that their cascading effects, such as livelihood insecurity and competition over natural resources, exacerbate important drivers of conflict and fragility, thereby challenging stability.
Climate change and environmental pressures are challenges that cut across borders and silos. Integrating these into UN stabilisation missions can help to better address the root causes of conflict and instability, and advance the missions’ efforts towards creating more stable, resilient and sustainable environments in their respective host countries.
This paper was originally published on weatheringrisk.org.