Which users may use the water of a lake, river or other source? For what purposes, in what quantity and of what quality? Where and when?
These are the questions answered by ‘water allocation’ which is the process and/or outcome of determining how different stakeholders use water. With growing water scarcity around the globe, determining such water use presents a major challenge – and even more so in transboundary basins where (potentially conflicting) interests of different water users overlap with (potentially conflicting) interests of different countries. And while allocating water in transboundary basins is not a new practice, the looming water crisis, accelerated social, economic and technological developments, and climate variability call for new, flexible approaches that can future-proof water management.
This description was excerpted from unece.org.