Three entry points are of particular relevance to link climate change adaptation, peacebuilding and sustainable livelihoods. Each of these entry points can be used to ensure peacebuilding efforts take account of climate change or to address conflict risks in climate change programming:
- The sustainable management of natural resources such as land and water can be an effective way of strengthening the resilience of communities to climate change while at the same time being an entry point for peacebuilding, for example by rebuildingimproving relationships and social capital between conflicting groups or strengthening conflict management mechanisms and capacities.
- Developing sustainable livelihoods for vulnerable and marginalised population groups can provide economic perspectives, help build social capital, and decrease the compounding pressures of climate change on degradedthe environments. Designed with climate and conflict risks in mind, sustainable livelihoods projects can be part of peacebuilding and/or climate change programming by, for example, addressing the root causes of recruitment into armed groups.
- Strengthening inclusive governance structures is a central element of successful climate change adaptation, peacebuilding and sustainable livelihoods and can help strengthen the social contract between vulnerable communities and the government. Ensuring that formal and informal governance institutions are inclusive is key in rebuilding trust after conflict and in making adaptation action respond to local needs.
The toolbox supports the implementation of the Guidance Note ‘Addressing Climate-Fragility Risks’ which facilitates the development of strategies, policies, and projects that seek to increase resilience by linking climate change adaptation, peacebuilding, and sustainable livelihoods. In addition, a separate monitoring and evaluation (M&E) note provides guidance for measuring the effectiveness of these efforts; and a toolbox lists further reading and additional tools.