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Climate security in the current and future global conflict landscape | BCSC 2022

In response to the Armed Conflict Survey 2022, panelists discussed the challenges arising from climate change and the geopolitical and geo-economic implications of a green energy transition. Experts explored geo-strategic competition for critical minerals and emerging conflict flashpoints and the instrumentalisation of resources in fragile and conflict-affected countries.


  • Laura Birkman, Senior Strategic Analyst and head of the Climate and Security Program, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
  • Alec Crawford, Director, Nature for Resilience, IISD
  • Erica Pepe, Senior Coordinator for Research and Conflict, Security and Development Analyst, IISS


  • Irene Mia, Editor, Armed Conflict Survey; Senior Fellow for Latin America and Conflict, Security and Development, IISS