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Context matters: A review of the evidence of how social, economic, and other variables influence the relationship between climate and security


The links between climate and security are usually indirect and involve different pathways, including, among others, the degradation of climate-sensitive natural resources and loss of livelihoods that depend on these resources, disputes over access to resources, displacement of people, food insecurity and food price hikes that lead to political tensions, and grievances related to poor disaster response and management. Specific conditions or moderating factors influence how these pathways will manifest. 

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