Damage control: Unpacking rules and recommendations to protect the environment during armed conflict
So much can be said about how war and conflict disrupt the environment. The effects on human lives are excruciating and long-lived, making environmental protection a priority for human security - even in armed conflicts. On this International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War, we’ve partnered with PAX to put together an episode looking at how rules and recommendations can help protect the environment in armed conflict under international law and create precedents for prevention. Join our guests Wim Zwijnenburg (PAX) and Helen Obregón Gieseken (ICRC) for this exciting conversation.
SPECIAL EDITION: Displacement, migration and how funding can reach those who need it
COP28 is around the corner, and everyone wants to know: how will the conversations around finance for climate-affected states, which officially kicked off in Sharm El-Sheikh last November, pick up in Dubai? In this special edition, we take a deep dive into climate, development and humanitarian funding with Andrew Harper, Special Advisor on Climate Action to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Together, we look into the current state of displaced communities around the world, issues standing in the way of finance reaching affected communities, and why finance distribution and use is fairer and more efficient when women, youth and indigenous communities have access to it.
Integrating climate security in peacebuilding: Meet the Weathering Risk Peace Pillar
The Peace Pillar initiative, launched in 2022, is sharing and elevating evidence-based recommendations in mainstreaming climate-security to support sustainable peace processes on the ground. It is guided by the analytical approach of Weathering Risk and translates climate-security foresight and analysis into peacebuilding action where it’s needed the most. In this episode, you will hear from Peace Pillar project partners on how the project is being implemented in Iraq, Yemen, Somalia, Nigeria and the Bay of Bengal.
Farmer-herder conflicts: Climate change is the straw that broke the camel’s back
If you work with climate, environment, development, humanitarian assistance or adjacent areas, you have certainly come across this particular type of conflict. But is climate change and environmental degradation really to blame? Join our hosts, Raquel Munayer and Alexandra Steinkraus, in a chat that looks into the post-colonial elements influencing conflicts between farmers and herders, where climate and environment come in, and what are climate-sensitive options for building sustainable peace.
From advocates to experts: Youth leadership on peace, gender and migration
In this episode, we are joined by Khouloud Ben Mansour, African Youth Ambassador for Peace with the African Union for North Africa and activist for women's and children's rights from Tunisia, to discuss migration, youth and gender in North African and beyond. We cover drivers of migration in the region, gender-based risks, and how to move beyond giving marginalised groups a seat at the table, as well as what it means to be a youth ambassador and the importance of youth as experts and peacebuilders.
A sea of opportunity: Climate justice, grassroots movements and interregional cooperation in the Caribbean
In this episode, Christianne Zakour, Advocate for Environmental Governance and Climate Justice, joins us to discuss shared challenges amongst Small Island Developing States, the potential for more interregional knowledge sharing and climate justice. She shares insights from her work and thoughts on the recent landmark UN resolution for climate justice and what this could mean for progress in coming years.
Resilience gone wrong: Maladaptation as a side-effect of neglecting climate vulnerability
Join our hosts, Raquel Munayer and Alexandra Steinkraus, for a conversation on how maladaptation makes communities even more vulnerable, rather than less, to climate change. Insights from Afghanistan, Colombia, Mali and the Pacific illustrate ways that negligence and poorly planned policies can lead to increased climate security risks, bolstered recruitment and support for armed opposition groups, and increased conflict between communities. They also highlight the need for timely action that is climate, conflict and context sensitive.
News from the frontline: Why narrative matters when reporting on the climate-conflict nexus
Reporting on the climate and environmental crises is increasingly a risky endeavour – even more so where insecurity and conflict are present. Environmental Journalist and Consultant Peter Schwartzstein spoke about the perils of covering the climate-conflict nexus in places like Syria and Iraq, why concise narratives matter for boosting action, and what he is up to in his upcoming book ‘The Heat and The Fury’.
HoP(ping) into the new year: A 2023 outlook on climate, peace & security
Join us for a conversation with our Heads of Programme (HoPs) for Climate Diplomacy and Security, Janani Vivekananda and Benjamin Pohl, as we reflect on highlights from 2022 – from the launch of the Climate for Peace Initiative at BCSC 2022 to the establishment of the Loss and Damage Fund at COP27 – and identify developments to watch (and be hopeful about) for 2023. All eyes are on actions that will better multilateral cooperation and local-informed action, and drive peace positive climate action.
Revisiting roles: The evolution of climate, peace and security in the UNSC and beyond
In this episode, we speak with Hafsa Maalim, a panel discussant at the November UNSC meeting on climate, peace and security (CPS), to discuss the evolution of its understanding in the Security Council and how increased awareness of the interactions between climate, security and peacebuilding can support the Council to better achieve its mandate. She discusses how well-intentioned initiatives can actually meet the needs of communities, the importance of explicit mandates and reflects on the next steps in the CPS debate in the new year.
BCSC and beyond: Looking back at the Berlin Climate and Security Conference 2022
In this episode, Alina Viehoff joins one of our hosts, Alexandra Steinkraus, to discuss all things BCSC. As members of the organising team, together they discuss the key takeaways—from the need for better financing to the importance of inclusivity, equity and diversity, the Launch of the Climate for Peace Initiative and how to channel this agenda for action in support of an ambitious and successful COP27.
Eco wars & wasted havens: can international environmental law curb the impacts of conflicts on nature?
In this episode, we are joined by Philippa Nuttall for a conversation on the impacts of war and conflict on nature, and about what can and is being done in the realm of international environmental law to counter-act these issues. She tells us about the weaponization of the environment in Ukraine, which has been ongoing already since 2014, discusses the concept of eco wars, and shares her thoughts on the development of international environmental law.
Learn more on the environmental impacts of war in The Nature of Conflict and Peace.
Anticipating risk: applying foresight to tackle disaster-induced food insecurity
Beyond its reactive role as a humanitarian agency, the World Food Programme (WFP) looks increasingly to preventative and anticipatory measures to hinder and reduce the impacts of climate-related disaster. Gernot Laganda, Chief of Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction at the WFP, brings some lessons from the field, suggest strategies to increase the resilience of food systems, and lets funding partners what they can do to support integration across programmes.
Syria's poisoned earth: how war impacts the environment and the lives that depend on it
It seems counter-intuitive to talk about environmental issues in Syria, in the face of overwhelming human suffering. Yet, human life requires functioning ecosystems, and over 10 years of war has devastated Syria's water and land. This episode's guest, Loujein Haj Youssef, Editor-in-Chief at Rozana Radio, investigated the environmental impacts of the war and their consequences for the local population today and in the future. Read the full article here.
Learn more on the environmental impacts of war in The Nature of Conflict and Peace.
Who's not at the table? Intersectional environmentalism, climate justice and why it's worth fighting for Utopia
In this episode, we discuss feminist foreign policy, intersectional environmentalism, climate justice and how they're all interrelated. We offer a deep-dive into feminist foreign policy and feminist climate policy and explore why they´re important in light of climate security and climate justice. Finally, we speak about activism and why it´s worth fighting for Utopia.
Interviewee: Sheena Anderson, Project Manager, Centre for Feminist Foreign Policy
When a country mandate includes climate language: lessons from UNSOM
In this episode, we discover what happens when the UN includes climate and environmental risks into a country mandate. Somalia is one of the first political missions to have climate and environmental language included in its mandate – and language has power. As a result, Somalia is the ground for several climate initiatives, ranging from risk assessment to capacity-building. One of the most pioneer initiatives includes the introduction of a Climate Security Advisor – the first of its kind in the UN system, a role fulfilled by this episode’s guest Christophe Hodder.
Regional cooperation for climate security: a look into the Horn of Africa
In this episode, we speak with Ayan Mahamoud, Senior Coordinator of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a regional economic community with eight member states in the Horn of Africa. She walks us through some the region’s key climate-related risks to peace and security, and how IGAD is working to address these risks within the regional security cooperation framework. Ayan highlights success stories and some of the areas where investments and improvements are still needed to boost the region’s security and development.
Climate security and the tyranny of the immediate in Libya
In this episode, recorded just after the startling assassination attempt of the Libyan prime minister, we discuss climate security risks in Libya and how they are shaped by the country’s complicated political history. We hear from Matthew Brubacher, former Economic Advisor to the UN Support Mission in Libya, how a weak social contract and large administration hinder the country’s energy transition and discuss Europe’s responsibility as a major consumer of Libyan oil and gas.
What a Year! Looking back at climate diplomacy and climate security in 2021
This podcast episode looks back at progress, achievements and developments regarding climate diplomacy and security throughout the year 2021. It celebrates successes and discusses challenges, focusing on the most relevant and important events such as COP26, the journey of a topical UN Security Council resolution, the EU climate law, BCSC 2021 and many more.
Climate-related security risks as an opportunity for mediation?
This special podcast episode, recorded live at the 2021 Berlin Climate Security Conference, explores how to integrate climate security into mediation and peacebuilding. Our expert panellists — Michael Keating (European Institute of Peace) and Janel Galvanek (Berghof Foundation) — highlight a range of issues, including how climate risks can provide an entry point for mediation, how communities must be empowered with knowledge on climate security, and that more integration is needed between international peace building and climate action.
Climate Security around the world: examples of locally informed solutions
In this special episode, recorded live at the Berlin Climate and Security Conference 2021, we explore climate-related security risks and entry-points in three key regions: Southern Africa, the Arctic, and the Horn of Africa. We hear from the regional experts Ottilia Anna Maunganidze (Institute for Security Studies), Marisol Maddox (Wilson Center), and Sagal Abshir (The Clean Fight). They highlight what is unique about each region, and what unites them – particularly the need for locally-informed solutions.
Setting the scene: EU climate diplomacy in a post-Covid-19 world
The European Parliament issued a resolution on climate diplomacy in 2018. Since then, the policy landscape has evolved rapidly with the development of the European Green Deal, as well as the pandemic and ongoing efforts for a green post-Covid recovery. In this episode, Dennis Tänzler and Daria Ivleva highlight findings of their recent report on EU climate diplomacy, identifying progress made and tasks for the Parliament going forward. Key topics to consider include trade policy and finance, gender equality, and tackling climate security risks.
What happens in the Arctic doesn’t stay in the Arctic
The Arctic is experiencing anthropogenic climate change at three times the global rate of change. Its sea ice minimum reached its second lowest level on record in 2020. Marisol Maddox, author of the CSEN risk brief on the Arctic, walks us through the critical climate-related breaking points the region is experiencing and why it matters for the whole world. She further elaborates on the geopolitical implications of these dynamics, also looking at opportunities.
Old narratives die hard: Rethinking climate-induced human mobility
Climate-induced mobility is more than sudden displacement. It is also a consequence of slow-onset changes, structural shortcomings and governance failures. Luckily, the opportunities for addressing it and adapting to its impacts are just as diverse. Beatrice Mosello and Gareth Price, authors of the report “Rethinking mobility in the face of global changes”, give insights into climate-related mobility, focusing on Central Asia and Bangladesh.
South Asia on the brink: A look at climate change to help address the region's compound fragilities
South Asia is one of the most climate-vulnerable regions in the world. On the one hand, it lacks resources to cope with worsening climate impacts; on the other, climate change is increasingly interacting with socio-economic, demographic and political factors to compound fragility in the region. Together with Dhanasree Jayaram, author of the CSEN South Asia risk brief, we discuss climate-fragility pathways and possible solutions for the region.
Digging into food insecurity and climate change: Root causes and how (not) to solve it
This episode digs into the food insecurity-climate change nexus. It looks at how vulnerable agriculture is to a rapidly and erratically changing climate, but at the same time, how much it contributes to it. We discuss some of the narratives around food security and the environmental systems needed for food production. This episode is a special edition around the UN Food Systems Summit 2021, which aims to awaken the world to the fact that we all must work together to transform the way the world produces, consumes, and thinks about food.
Let´s talk about Mali: The impacts of climate change on insecurity and gender inequality
In this episode, we discuss climate fragility risks in Mali with Chitra Nagarajan, author of the climate fragility risk brief on Mali and member of the Climate Security Expert Network (CSEN). During the interview, we hear her insights on how climate change is projected to affect Mali and learn more about five pathways through which climate change impacts fragility in Mali. Moreover, this episode takes a closer look at gender dynamics with regard to climate security.
Hot days ahead: How climate impacts are pushing Afghanistan’s multiple burdens to the brink
In this episode, we look at Afghanistan and discuss how climate impacts are pushing its multiple burdens to the brink and what the Afghan government and international community could and should do to address the security risks presented by climate change. Our guest is Oli Brown, Associate Fellow at Chatham House and author of the climate-fragility risk brief on Afghanistan.
Does China's Belt and Road initiative put the brakes on decarbonisation? The case of Kazakhstan
The Belt and Road Initiative is a prime example of how decarbonisation processes interact with geopolitics. China’s support to energy, transportation and industrial projects inﬂuence emissions trajectories of the partner countries, and investments often underpin the geopolitical aspirations of China and its partners. This episode, featuring Daria Ivleva, author of the MISTRA Geopolitics report “The Belt and Road Initiative in Kazakhstan,' looks at China-financed projects in Kazakhstan and seeks to explore the dynamics of decarbonisation and geopolitics.
COVID and Climate Security
The COVID-19 pandemic has profound global impacts. While all countries have been affected, the pandemic is hitting those who were already struggling with poverty, conflict and the impacts of climate change especially hard. This podcast episode seeks to explore these dynamics by interviewing the authors of the Climate Security Expert Network Report Spreading Disease, Spreading Conflict?: - Adrian Foong (Analyst, adelphi), Beatrice Mosello (Senior Advisor, adelphi), Christian König (Analyst, adelphi), Emily Wright (Consultant, adelphi), and Susanne Wolfmaier (Project Manager, adelphi).
We Need To Talk - Changing Climate, Changing Conflicts
This episode features Andrew Gilmour, Executive Director of the Berghof Foundation, and Janani Vivekananda, Senior Advisor at adelphi, in an intimate fireside chat. Moderated by renowned mediator and former diplomat Günther Baechler, they discuss why and how climate change and environmental considerations should be an integral part of conflict analysis and peacebuilding processes. The speakers’ vast experiences seeing first-hand the effects of climate change on conflict dynamics around the world allows for an interesting and lively discussion about climate change in peacebuilding.
Foreign Affairs and the Agenda 2030
The world needs to undergo a deep, transformative change to achieve sustainability. Yet, progress on many of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda is lagging while the willingness to cooperate internationally often seems to be waning. Foreign policy must help bridge this gap, ensuring ambition and providing guidance. In this episode of the Climate Diplomacy Podcast, host Martin Wall discusses the role of foreign affairs in the global sustainability architecture with Daria Ivleva, one of the editors of adelphi’s recent publication Driving Transformative Change: Foreign Affairs and the Agenda 2030.
Populism and Climate Change
Right-wing populist parties are already part of the governments of seven EU member states and are expected to make up a quarter of MEPs after the European elections in May 2019. The dwindling trust of citizens in democratic institutions and in Europe, the re-sorting of party spectrums, the declining influence of traditional popular parties as well as the emergence of multi-party coalitions and minority governments will all make governance increasingly difficult. In this episode, host Martin Wall talks to Stella Schaller and Alexander Carius, authors of an explorative study on the the voices and the weight of right-wing populist parties in the formulation of European climate policy.
#Doable - The Planetary Security Conference 2019
The Planetary Security Conference brings together experts, policymakers and politicians from around the world to discuss how best to tackle the security risks of climate change. The conference also reports on progress towards meeting the ambitions of The Hague Declaration which set out an action agenda for the community of practice on climate security. This year we spent some time interviewing some of the participants to get their insights into how climate change affects international and human security. Interviewees include Alexander Carius (Managing Director, adelphi), Dr. Dhanasree Jayaram (Assisstant Professor, Manipal Academy of Higher Education in India), and Camilla Born (Senior Policy Advisor, E3G and SIPRI Senior Fellow).
Also watch the Best of Video of the Planetary Security Conference 2019.
The UNSC's role in addressing climate related security risks
With climate change increasingly being seen as a security issue, we ask what role the United Nations Security Council could and should play. To answer this question, we are joined on the Climate Diplomacy Podcast by UN expert and Chatham House Associate Fellow Oli Brown. In this podcast, Oli explains some of the challenges that the UN Security Council has had in tackling climate change and outlines the prospects for action in the future.
Interviewee: Oli Brown, Chatham House